1. Understanding Menopause

Menopause is the stage in women's lives characterized by the end of menstruation. Beginning in puberty, the menstrual cycle is controlled by hormones secreted by the ovaries: estrogens and progesterone. In menopause, this process is no longer cyclical and regular, and only residual hormone secretion occurs. This hormonal change induces the cessation of menstruation and the appearance of symptoms.

Pre-menopause is the period before the definitive cessation of menstruation. A decrease in the production of progesterone means that the ratio between estrogen and progesterone levels varies. Gradually, ovulation will cease. In this period of a woman's life, menstrual periods become irregular. Bleeding may also be heavier and premenstrual syndrome more aggravated. The duration of pre-menopause is highly variable (from six months to 10 years), but in general lasts four to five years.
This time of life is often distressing for women, who feel disorientated because the signs of the premenopause are so varying and subtle. It is precisely at this time that women need to be listened to and looked after, to help them to retain their natural balance and day-to-day well-being.

Some Definitions:

The natural, definitive cessation of menstruation. The term "menopause" is generally used when periods have ceased for at least one year.

The time period preceding menopause during which menstrual periods are irregular.

Pre-menopause and the year following the cessation of menstruation.
Did you know?

It is well known that tobacco has numerous ill effects on health.

In addition to being very harmful to the arteries and lungs, tobacco also affects hormones. It is the only factor we can say with certainty advances menopause by one to two years.